Impact of Use of Chemical Fertiliser on Farm Households’ Risk Behaviour and Food Security in Ethiopia
AbstractThis paper explores the impact of chemical fertiliser on smallholder farmers’ risk behaviour and food security. The findings show that the severity of food security is lower for farmers who adopted chemical fertiliser (15%) than those who didn’t adopt (27%). Risk taking behaviour is predominantly associated with farmers who adopt chemical fertiliser. The number of food secure farmers was higher for risk taker farmers (54%) than that of risk averse farmers (46%). Use of chemical fertiliser significantly affected both farmers’ risk behaviour and food security. Therefore, it can be concluded that since risk averse farmers are less likely to adopt chemical fertiliser and other technological innovations, it entails improving their awareness through demonstration, teaching and public discussion.
Bard, K. and Barry, I. (2001). Assessing farmers’ attitudes towards risk using the “Closing-in” method. Journal of Agricultural and Resources Economics, 26(1): 248-260
Bhattarai, M., Barker, R. and Narayanamoorthy, N. (2007). Who benefits from irrigation development in India? implication of irrigation multipliers for irrigation financing. Irrigation and Drainage, 56:207-225.
Binswanger, P. (1980). Attitude towards risk: experimental measurement in India. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62:395-407.
Chazovachii, B. (2012). The impact of small scale irrigation schemes on rural livelihoods: the case of panganai irrigation scheme Bikita district Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 14 (4):217-231
Dillon, A. (2011). Do differences in the scale of irrigation projects generate different impacts on poverty and production? Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62 (2):474–492
Dillon, L. and Scandizzo, L. (1978). Risk attitudes of subsistence farmers in north east Brazil: a sampling approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 60:425-434.
Lamb, L. R. (2003). Fertilizer use, risk, and off-farm labor markets in the semi-arid tropics of India. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 85 (2):359-371
Malhotra, Y. (1991). Bringing the adopter back into the adoption process: a personal construction framework of information technology adoption. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 10 (1):79-104
May, M. and Fortunate, C. (2011). Home gardening as a coping strategy for urban and peri-urban households: The Case of Mutare City, Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe During the 2008 Hyperinflation Period. Proceeding of IFPRI Conference on Agricultural Productivity and Food Security, 1st-3rd November, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
MoFED (2013) Preforamnce Evaluation on the Growth and Tranformation Plan: Annual Report of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, Ethiopia. Http://www.mofed.gov.et
Moscardi, E. and De Janvry, A. (1977). Attitudes toward risk among peasants: an econometric approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 59 (4):711-716
Nyangwesoi, M., Odhaiambo, O., Odungari, P., Koriri, K., Kipsat, J. and Serem, K. (2007). Household food security in Vihiga district, Kenya: determinants of dietary diversity. proceedings of the 8th African Crop Science Society Conference, El-Minia University, Egypt. October 27-31:1383–1390.
Olagunju, I., Oke, T., Babatunde, O. and Ajiboye, A (2012). Determinants of food insecurity in Ogbomoso Metropolis of Oyo State, Nigeria. Pat, 8 (1):111-124
Olarinde, L., Manyong, V., Akintolajo, M. (2007). Attitude towards risk among maize farmers’ in dry savanna zone of Nigeria: prospective policies for improving food production. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(8):399-408
Prokopy, L., Floress, K., Klotthor-Weinkauf, D. and Baumgart-Getz, A. (2008). Determinants of agricultural best management practice adoption: evidence from the literature. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 63(5):300-311
Randela, R., Liebenberg, G., Kirsten, J. and Townsend, R. (2000). Demand for livestock tick control service in the venda region, northern province. Journal of Agrekon, 39(4):644-655
Sekhampu, J. (2013). Determinants of the food security status of households receiving government grants in Kwakwatsi, South Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4 (1):147-155
Todaro, M., and Smith, S. (2011). Economic Development 11 (Ed), Addison-Wesley, Pearson, ISBN 10: 0-13-801388-8.
Torkamani, A., Torkamani, J. and Abdolahi, M. (2001). Empirical comparison of direct techniques for measuring attitudes toward risk. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 3:163-170.
William, G., Samuel, K., Dadzie, N. and Michael, W. (2014). Poverty and risk attitudes: the case of cassava farmers in Awutu-Senya district of the central region of Ghana. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, 3(2): 164-178
JAE supports free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research and development practice are made widely available. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for readers, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. The Journal adopts and uses the CC BY-NC-ND license. Under this license users are permitted to: Copy and distribute the article (non-commercially); you can’t change or alter the article in anyway; Users are not allowed to data mine the article.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).