Profitability of Dry Season Farming of Jute Mallow (Corchorus olitorius) and Amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) Inter and Sole Cropping Systems in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
AbstractThe study determined the profitability of three different cropping systems for the period of six weeks in the study area. Results of the gross margin analysis showed that both the intercropping and only sole amaranthus vegetable production were profitable in the study area, yielding a gross margin of Five hundred and Seventy Nine Thousand, Nine Hundred and Sixteen Naira and Sixty Seven Kobo (N579,916.67)/ha with a total revenue of One Million and Six Hundred Thousand Naira (N1,600,000)/ha and having the highest output of 8000kg/ha for the intercropping systems while the sole Amaranthus vegetable production had a gross margin of One hundred and Seventy Nine Thousand, Nine Hundred and Sixteen Naira, Sixty Seven Kobo (N179,916.67)/ha with a total revenue of One Million and Two Hundred Thousand Naira (N1,200,000)/ha and having the highest output of 6000kg/ha. Also, the intercrop vegetable production had a Benefit Cost Ratio, Rate of Return and Gross Ratio of 1.53, 0.52 and 0.65 respectively while sole amaranthus production had a Benefit Cost Ratio, Rate of Return and Gross Ratio of 1.15, 0.15 and 0.87 respectively. The result indicates that the two vegetable production were profitable in the study area. However, losses were incurred for the sole C. olitorius vegetable production system during the period of the experiment.
The study therefore concluded that both the intercrop and sole amaranthus enterprises were profitable in the study area, but there was a significant difference in the profitability of the intercrop cropping system practised as the amaranthus/corchorus intercrop was more profitable. The intercrop is, therefore, recommended for the farmers since it is more profitable and provides a variety of income generation for the farmers thereby ensuring food security and income security.
Keywords: Amaranthus, corchorus, vegetable, intercropping, sole cropping, profitability, irrigation
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